Human Rights Law

International human rights law is governed by a series of human rights conventions and instruments. Once a country becomes a party to a convention, it is legally obligated to respect those rights, and must ensure that its national legislation is compatible with the promotion and protection of the rights specified in these conventions. Iran is a party to five of the nine “core” human rights conventions. All UN housed human rights conventions and instruments can be found here.

Humberto Calamari (Panama), Vice-Chairman of the UN General Assembly's Third Committee, is presiding over the drafting ICCPR in October 1958. (c) UN Photo

Human Rights Law

International Covenant on Civil And Political Rights

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) is a treaty that commits its parties to promoting the civil and political rights of individuals.  These rights include the right to life, freedom of religion, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, freedom of association, electoral rights, as well as the ...

Children from the United Nations International School meet with Secretary-General Javier Perez De Cuellar as the General Assembly adopts a CRC. (c) UN Photo/Milton Grant

Human Rights Law

Convention on the Rights of the Child

The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC, CROC, or UNCRC) is a human rights treaty that defines the civil, political, cultural, social, health and economic rights of children. The Convention generally defines a child as any human being under the age of eighteen, unless an earlier age of ...

UN General Assembly session that approved Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1984.

Human Rights Law

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, while not a treaty binding at its inception, represents the first global expression of the rights of mankind and stands as one of the fullest sets of human rights principles to date.  Iran was one of  48 UN member states voting to adopt the ...

The Fifth Session of the Conference of States Parties to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) in September 2012. (c) UN Photo/Rick Bajornas

Human Rights Law

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is a international human rights treaty intended to promote and protect the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities. The text was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 13 December 2006 and has 107 parties as of December ...